An improvement in metabolism is therefore not the reason for the weight loss

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An improvement in metabolism is therefore not the reason for the weight loss

The values ​​that are determined are essentially a complete blood count, which every family doctor also does during a check-up.

According to the developers of the diet, everyone has an individual metabolism that needs to be met with certain foods. Certain enzymes and hormones determine the thrust of the program. However, the makers keep details a secret. They claim that blood values, individual preferences, intolerances, illnesses or pre-existing conditions all together require a tailored diet – adapted to the individual metabolism.

To create an individual diet plan for losing weight, the authors have developed a computer program that generates certain rules of behavior from 36 blood values ​​and other physical conditions (weight, body measurements, medication, etc.). This master plan is checked by a consultant.

With weight loss in mind, Metabolic Balance works. You lose weight because the calorie intake during this form of diet is greatly reduced. During the first two weeks, participants are only allowed to consume around 1,000 calories a day. It is a mixed diet with very few carbohydrates, lots of vegetables, some fruit and a slightly increased protein content. In this respect, the diet is similar to popular recommendations for weight loss. A negative energy balance causes everyone to lose weight. So far, so logical. 

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So far there is a lack of scientific evidence that the individual criteria, which are based on certain blood values, have a basis. Independent experts advise against the diet. This is how the consumer advice center NRW states: "The menu appears to be very limited both in terms of food selection and caloric (according to the provider, only the basal metabolic rate is covered). The dietary rules are very strict, the strict and quantitatively very detailed allocations to food (accurate to the gram in the strict phase) are incomprehensible to us."

A central point of criticism expressed by the consumer advocates is that it is also "scientifically incomprehensible" is why personal recommendations are made when dieting. One participant in the program should eat mozzarella and papaya, for example, and another ricotta and rhubarb. The reason given by the makers of the program is that the different metabolic processes required this.

Statutory and private health insurance companies reimburse or subsidize weight loss programs for their insured persons. In some cases, a medical certificate certifying obesity, diabetes or metabolic disorders such as increased blood lipids (cholesterol, triglycerides) is required. Often the health insurance companies also offer free online weight loss courses for anyone interested, regardless of their weight. With diet programs that are financed by health insurances, the insured can rely on the fact that they are looked after by certified nutritionists.

Metabolic Typing

This weight loss concept is also one of the so-called metabolic diets, in which, depending on the type, only certain things are allowed to be eaten. The program is based on the belief that one becomes fat from nutrients like carbohydrates and the other from fats. The rate of combustion, the nervous system and the respective type of gland should be relevant. So should the individual activity of the nervous system "Fast burners" and "Slow burners" bring forth. The gland types are divided into "Thyroid type", "Adrenal type", "Pituitary type" and women can also go to "Ovarian type" belong.

The affiliation to the respective metabolic types depends on the individual food preferences and based on the fat distribution. Some are counted among the carbohydrate types, the others are counted as protein types and still others are considered mixed types.

If you want to do this diet, you have to pay for it and then receive a menu that is created using a PC program and should be individually tailored.

Experts from the consumer advice centers attribute the success of this diet to the fact that, on the one hand, many high-calorie foods should not be eaten. An improvement in metabolism is therefore not the reason for the weight loss. There is also a lack of scientific evidence for this form of nutrition. In addition, is "Metabolic Typing" not balanced because certain "Metabolic types" avoid healthy foods like fruits.

Genotype diet

This concept assumes that certain genes dictate which food suits which person. Around 30 gene variants are analyzed using a saliva sample and are used for classification. The costs are at least 200 euros. The health insurance companies do not cover the costs.

Nutritional science assumes that there are definitely individual nutritional patterns that are better for one person and not as good for another.argumentative essay However, the corresponding gene analyzes and the individual diets derived from them are still in their infancy. We do not yet know which genes have which effects on food utilization in each individual. The commercial programs that offer genetic tests and carry out appropriate classifications in diet types are therefore not to be regarded as serious. 

The consumer advice center NRW has published a very critical opinion on genetic tests: "Genetic test providers who do not offer their customers any personal, well-founded or medically supported advice act with gross negligence: because if the results are not classified, they can unsettle and overwhelm those affected", it says on the website of the consumer advocates.

You can lose weight with the diet just as much as with any other if you keep a negative energy balance. That is, when you eat less than you use.

Max Planck Diet

This program does not come from the Max Planck Society. The research association distanced itself from this diet years ago. 

In the weight loss program, which only lasts two weeks, the menu mainly includes proteins with meat and eggs, but also vegetables. There is massive savings in carbohydrates and the diet is also low in fat. So it’s a strict low-carb program that extremely restricts calorie intake overall. An average of 600 calories are allowed per day. Black tea and coffee with lemon are also central to this concept. Here, too, the metabolism should be boosted by the changed diet – even for several years after the diet, which is why you do not gain weight for three years.

Weight loss works with the so-called Max Planck Diet simply because the daily intake of calories is far below the average basal metabolic rate. Serious nutrition experts cannot recommend the reduction diet. It is extremely one-sided and does not lead to deficiency symptoms because it is not designed to last. 

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Conclusion on metabolic diets

There are many so-called metabolic diets. The article does not claim to be complete. What all of these programs have in common is that they lack a scientific basis. You can certainly lose weight with the diets mentioned here, a health benefit that goes beyond normal diet programs by recognized nutrition experts does not currently exist. On the contrary: If the diets are too one-sided, they are harmful, at least if you follow them for a longer period of time. 

Weight loss programs should not be one-sided, but should include a variety of healthy foods. If you want to stay slim in the long run, you have to fundamentally adjust your diet. 

Sources used: Consumer advice center NRW: Metabolic dietsConsumers: Metabolic Balance DietTechniker Krankenkasse: Health courses, nutrition coursesKrankenkasse AOK: Lose weight with pleasureKrankenkasse DAK: Weight reducing own researchAdditional sourcesShow fewer sources

To reduce a fever, there are some tried and tested home remedies that some of you may still be familiar with from grandma’s medicine cabinet. And in fact, it makes sense not to stop fever with medication, but to use the body’s own defense strategy. However, if the fever lasts too long or increases sharply, it is time to see a doctor.

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Fever: The immune system in a defensive fight

Spring is flu time and it is often accompanied by fever. Fever is actually one "healthy" Reaction of the immune system to kill invading pathogens or stop them from multiplying and thus restore health. This happens due to overheating, as a result of which many bacteria and other pathogens die, as the online portal fieber.de explains.

So within certain limits, the increased temperature is very good because it gives the pathogens no chance. If it stays within limits, it is better to simply rely on a lot of sleep, rest and plenty of fluids. However, a fever that is too long and too high can cause damage. The fever should not rise above 39 degrees Celsius in adults and 39.5 degrees in children. If the thermometer shows higher values, you need to lower the fever. You can use home remedies for this in the first step. They have been tried and tested for generations and rarely have undesirable side effects.

However, if the fever does not decrease or even increase and the symptoms do not decrease significantly, please consult a doctor. He may be able to start prescription drug therapy. 

Drink as much as possible if you have a fever

If you have a fever, you should drink as much as possible. Through sweating, the body now has an increased need for fluids and the minerals washed out of the body by the sweat should urgently be replenished. Therefore, drink at least two liters a day during the illness. Mineral water and tea are best. Experts recommend tea blends with rose hips, blackberries, peppermint and lemon balm.

Linden blossom tea is particularly suitable for children

Linden blossom tea is particularly suitable for treating children and promises good relief due to its sweat-inducing, antipyretic and calming effect. For this tea, you should pour 250 milliliters of boiling water over one to two teaspoons of flowers and let it steep for five to ten minutes. The tea can be sweetened to taste with honey, as focus.de explains. Drink a cup of it in small sips three to five times a day.

But be careful: because of its sweat-inducing effect, the tea is not suitable for long-term therapy and in larger quantities it can lead to mild diarrhea.

Lower the fever with calf compresses

Leg wraps are a well-known home remedy for fever and have not lost their popularity in recent years. And rightly so, because they can be very effective in lowering the fever. Due to the cold from evaporation, they remove heat from the body and thus lower the temperature. But they only make sense at a body temperature of more than 39 degrees, according to focus.de.

Dip two towels in water and wring them out. The water temperature should be approximately two degrees below the patient’s measured body temperature. Then wrap both calves with it and cover them with another towel. You should repeat this procedure three times and then check the temperature again.

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In any case, make sure that your body temperature does not drop too quickly – this could result in dizziness or circulatory problems. If the patient is also to be affected by chills, it is better not to use the calf compresses. The calf compresses are also less suitable for babies or toddlers, because the little ones often find the compresses too cold and therefore painful on the skin.

Sources used: own research

The path to a healthier diet is not as difficult as many think. A lot can be achieved with small steps. A critical look in the refrigerator and pantry can unmask the first foods that offer no added value for health. 

overview

1. Ketchup 2. White rice 3. Ready-made salads 4. Soft drinks5. Cured sausage and meat products 6. Plastic lemons

Five foods that are unhealthy, contain too much sugar, or have little nutrients – and their healthier alternatives:

1. Ketchup

Ketchup: There is too much sugar in many products. (Source: gemredding / Getty Images)

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Ketchup can be found in most refrigerators. But as delicious as the tomato sauce tastes in the bottle: In some products you can find up to 50 sugar cubes. That corresponds to one to two cubes per tablespoon. 

In comparison: The World Health Organization (WHO) considers a maximum of 50 grams of added sugar per day to be a tolerable amount. According to the WHO, 25 grams would be ideal – that’s about eight sugar cubes. They can be reached quickly with ketchup. In addition, many manufacturers do not do without preservatives and flavorings.

Recipe: make ketchup yourself

Homemade ketchup is a healthy and tasty alternative. Because you know exactly which quantities of which ingredients are contained, you can season to taste – and save a lot on the amount of sugar. Homemade ketchup also scores with an intense tomato note.

For the quick version, sauté two onions and a clove of garlic and add a packet of tomato puree. Bring the sauce to the boil and season with salt, pepper, vinegar, a little sugar and spices of your choice. If you like it fine, go through it again with the hand blender. For a creamy consistency, stir some cornstarch with cold water until smooth and add the whole thing to the boiling ketchup.

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